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The word school is derived from the ancient Greek word scholé (σχολή, Modern Greek σχόλη, schóle) which means leisure, free time! The word school has now become a noun, but in reality it was the adjective pertaining to scholé, i.e. that which is related to leisure.
Our ancient Greek forefathers knew how to make use of their leisure in a very positive and productive way, carefully observing the world around them and attempting to understand it. In their free time they would gather at the agorἁ, i.e. the market-place where they would discuss and develop their theories through dialogue and logic.
As time went on these gatherings got organized into the first “academies” and philosophical schools.
In Europe the first Universities were founded by the Church from the middle of the 13th century.
We mention just a few: La Sorbonne (Paris) founded in 1257 by Robert de Sorbonne, who was a priest and confessor of the king Saint Louis of France, the universities in Oxford (1302) and Cambridge, of Bologna in Italy and Saint Andrews in Scotland and many-many more…
click here to read this in the original Greek